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Duties of Employers and Workers in OH&S


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Both employers and employees have a personal responsibility and accountability for workplace health and safety. This is commonly referred to as an Internal Responsibility System (IRS). Employers are responsible for developing safe work practices, providing adequate training, and making employees familiar with hazards in the workplace. Employees follow the safe work practices, participate in the training and report hazards.

Some of the duties of employers under our Occupational Health & Safety Act and Regulations are listed on this site and should not be viewed as a comprehensive list or a definitive guide to government regulations. Its use does not relieve individuals or organizations from their responsibilities under any or all applicable legislation.

Employers’ duties:

  • Ensure the health, safety and welfare of workers and those not in his/her employ;
  • Maintain a healthy and safe workplace, systems, equipment, tools;
  • Provide information, instruction, training, and supervision, including requirements by the OH&S Act and Regulations and other associated legislation;
  • Provide operating instruction for the use of devices/equipment;
  • Ensure workers are aware of hazards;
  • Establish an OH&S committee/worker health and safety representative/workplace health and safety designate as required and consult/co-operate with them;
  • Respond in writing to recommendations of the OH&S committee/worker health and safety representative/workplace health and safety designate and provide them with periodic written updates on implementation;
  • Make arrangements for and consult with the OH&S committee/worker health and safety representative/workplace health and safety designate during workplace inspections;
  • Co-operate with anyone exercising a duty imposed under OH&S legislation;
  • Ensure safety clothing/equipment/devices are used;
  • Ensure safety procedures are followed at all times; and
  • Notify the Assistant Deputy Minister responsible for OH&S of a workplace accident that results in or has the potential to result in a serious injury or death.

Workers’ duties in Occupational Health and Safety

Some of the duties of workers under our Occupational Health & Safety Act and Regulations are listed on this site and should not be viewed as a comprehensive list or a definitive guide to government regulations. Its use does not relieve individuals or organizations from their responsibilities under any or all applicable legislation.

  • Workers’ duties:
    • Protect his/her health & safety and that of co-workers and others at or near the workplace; and
    • Co-operate with employer, co-workers, OH&S committee/worker health and safety representative/workplace health and safety designate, and anyone exercising a duty imposed under OH&S legislation.
      • Follow instructions and training
      • Report hazardous conditions
      • Properly use all safety equipment/devices/clothing
  • Workers' rights:
    • Know about workplace hazards;
    • Participate and assist in identifying and resolving OH&S issues; and
    • Refuse unsafe work.